Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and is categorized as a low middle income country. This position is very much influenced by agricultural sector which uses one third of the land distributed on 17,504 islands and is a source of income for more than one hundred million Indonesians or almost half of the population. The agricultural sector has a very broad coverage which includes food crops, estate crops, fishery and animal husbandry subsectors.
The prohibition of child labour and involvement of children in the worst forms of child labour is a national and global concern due to its situation which affects child development negatively and denies the rights of children. The challenges of child labour in Indonesia have the following characteristics (1) Child labour is still significantly high, mostly found in agriculture (58%); (2) Agriculture as a tradition and needs continuous regeneration; (3) Child issues are cross sectoral in dimension and have complex and systemic challenges; (4) Response to child labour is still sectoral and temporary (short term). In addition, child labour is related to lack of education, family poverty and limited access to services (education, health, protection, etc.). This indicates the complex challenges in efforts to address child labour which requires supports of substantial resources in implementing strategic programs. Therefore, it is necessary to build a strong commitment and adequate support of resources from stakeholders both the government, Non-Governmental Organizations and the private sector to address child labour issue holistically and in an integrated and sustainable ways in preventing as well as in withdrawing child labourers.
The spirit of collective work with a multi-stakeholder collaboration strategy is manifested in the form of a partnership. This partnership was built with the aim of bridging gaps in actions and of uniting all stakeholders - farmers, agricultural workers, purchasing companies (private sector), government agencies and civil society - to reduce child labour in agriculture. This collective impact framework is an innovative and structured approach to foster cross-governmental cooperation, the private sector, and non-governmental organizations to achieve significant and long lasting changes.
These stakeholders were united on 18 October 2018 to agree on the establishment of PAACLA (the Partnership for Action against Child Labour in Agriculture). The multi-stakeholder partnership is part of a comprehensive and long term cooperation and coordination referring to SDGs Goal 8.7. that mandates the immediate action and effective steps to eradicate the Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL), and by 2025 to eliminate child labour in all forms. In addition, it also refer to Goal no. 17 of the SDGs which mandates partnerships in achieving all development objectives. PAACLA is coordinated by the Ministry of PPN / BAPPENAS who coordinate and synergize PAACLA works. JARAK (NGOs Network for the Elimination of Child Labour) serves as the National Secretariat for PAACLA Indonesia.